Understand Comics Chapters 3 & 4
For Chapter 3, this chapter was mostly talking about how closure plays a big role in comics and most likely, every person’s life. It was stated how closure was used to make the connections between fragments. For example, this chapter quotes, “If visual iconography is the vocabulary of comics, closure is its grammar… in a very real sense, comics is closure.” This quote means that closure is the very grammar structure that holds a comic book together. In addition, the chapter had stated 6 types of closures that are used in either comics or manga. For instance, “Moment-to-Moment, Action-to-Action, Subject-to-Subject, Scene-to-Scene, Aspect-to-Aspect and Non-Sequitur.” These 6 types of closures are different ways to how comic or manga is structured. Either way, the reader’s assumptions make him/her part of the comic making closure an important aspect.
For Chapter 4, this chapter was mostly talking about how the panels in a comic have an influence on the reader when it comes to time frames. By time frames, I mean how the panels look continuous with each different time segment. Another way how the panels can be continuous is the shape of the panel or leave the panel blank with just the image. In chapter 4, it states, “Such images can set the mood or a sense of place for whole scenes through their lingering timeless presence.” From this quote, it can be stated that an image alone can help make the time frame more effective to the reader.
Research on Animal Anatomy: Horses Skeleton
For a horse skeleton, it is structured differently than a human skeleton. One way how a horse structured differently is it’s thoracic vertebrae. The thoracic vertebra is the upper part of the spine. For a horse its fourth vertebra is behind the thoracic vertebrae. The reason why is because that is the horses neck is attached to the nuchal ligament (the bone that connects the skull with the thoracic vertebra) making it the point where the neck meets the thorax (the rib cage). This is the most important part to how an animal lowers and raises it’s head. Another way is the rib cage. For example, the rib cage for a horse or any other four-legged animal has a flattened side-to-side, but are smaller than a human rib cage. In addition, the manubrium (the front end or top of the sternum) rib cage for a horse can either be pointed or flattened.
Gesture Drawing 4, 5 and 6